Chakrasamvara & Hevajra

The union between two deities- Samvara (a form of Heruka) and Vajravarahi is called Chakrasamvara, which is considered an entity in its own right. The name means “highest bliss” and can also be thought of as the Wheel of Highest Bliss or Wheel of Union.

“Chakrasamvara, also called ‘Heruka’, is typically depicted standing upright, with a blue-colored body, four faces, and twelve arms, and embracing his consort Vajravarahi in the yab-yum position (=sexual union). It is Buddha Shakyamuni who manifests in the form of Heruka for the benefit of all sentient beings and therefore he is considered the source of this high tantra. There are three main Chakrasamvara (practice) transmissions coming from these Indian mahasiddhas (masters of tantric yoga):  Luipa, Krishnacharya (also called: Kanhapa or Nagpopa), and Ghantapa (also called: Drilbupa). Besides those there are over 50 different lineages of the Chakrasamvara practice in Tibet.
The Luipa Chakrasamvara has both, the 62-Deity internal mandala as well as the 62 deities in the external mandala building. This is the main Gelug form of Chakrasamvara that, for example, the two tantric colleges (Gyuto and Gyume) practice. The Ghantapa body mandala practice has just the 62-deity body mandala and no deities other than the main couple in the external mandala building. The Ghantapa 5-deity practice has no body mandala and just the couple & 4 dakinis around them in the external mandala building. The 5-Deity and the body mandala practice of Ghantapa lineage was popularized by Phabongkha Rinpoche and later disseminated in the West to lay practitioners by Trijang Rinpoche and his students.
Starting around 1020 C.E., the Chakrasamvara Tantra (and practice from all three lineages) was brought to Tibet as one of the principal yidams (=meditational deities) by the Sarma (= new translation) schools of Tibetan Buddhism. Chakrasamvara is called Korlo Dompa (Tibetan: khor lo sdom pa = pledge wheel) by the Kagyu and Sakya, or Korlo Demchog (Tibetan: khor lo  bde mchog = bliss wheel) by the Kadam/Gelug schools. Chakrasamvara is one of the principal three meditational deities of the Gelug school (Tibetan: gsang bde ‘jigs gsum; the others are Vajrabhairava and Guhyasamaja).” – from chakrasamvara.com

Though love may be what these two are all about, when you steal them from true believers and sell them just to make a buck while completely disenfranchising their rightful owners and perhaps locking them up and torturing them for their beliefs, then what is it? Truly sacrilegious.

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The red on this statue is from a powder that is sprinkled on deities called kumkuma made from tumeric powder and slaked lime.  Common in India and Nepal, this statue probably came from very close to those borders in Tibet. The statue below meanwhile is much more refined and shows heavier Chinese influence.

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This shrine statue features Hevajra with his consort who has multiple faces as well as arms typically depicted. It is inlayed with lapis lazuli, turquiose, and coral as well as being 24k gold. It is unclear whether there is only one of these in the world since two are currently for sale on Ebay through different sellers, but since they are both using the exact same series of photographs, chances are it is a one of a kind item, a fact which may not be clear to potential buyers and a form of dishonesty within itself.

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Thangkas:

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  • See this auction: sold 07/29/2016 for $150.00 by asianartauctionhouse: user no longer registered 2016

 

 

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